Adopting CAPI technology for agricultural surveys in Indonesia

Badan Pusat Statistics (BPS) Indonesia regularly conducts a Crops Cutting Survey to estimate the yield per hectare for food crops. Over the last 4 decades, this survey was conducted using traditional Paper and Pen Interviews (PAPI) methods.

The survey includes a yield questionnaire for specific respondents and a listing questionnaire to build the sampling frame. Recently, BPS has recognized the need to deliver faster and more accurate results from this survey.

In 2015, BPS and the Global Strategy piloted a new methodology, developed by the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IASRI) for estimating crop area, yield and production under mixed, repeated and continuous cropping. This pilot involved both a listing questionnaire and yield questionnaire. Accordingly, BPS leveraged the opportunity to experiment with using a Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) tool to speed up the results of agricultural surveys in BPS hoping to apply this technology in the Crop Cutting Survey.

Survey Solutions was selected as the CAPI tool because of its ability to improve the quality of the data collected and communication between enumerators, supervisors and headquarters. Following a training session on Survey Solutions provided by the Global Strategy, data collection was carried out in Gunung Kidul. Results from the pilot confirmed that using CAPI improves data quality, and shortens the time between data collection and analysis.
Because of these positive results, the listing questionnaire for the Crop Cutting Survey in 2016 was implemented using Survey Solutions. To accelerate sample selection and estimation, BPS procured 2000 tablets to list all farmers in selected PSUs in 7 provinces. In September 2016, CAPI will also be used for piloting the Horticulture and Estate Survey and the Labor Force Survey. A road map for implementing CAPI surveys in BPS is part of BPS’s Strategic Plans.