Countries regularly report to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change their greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from all sectors, including agriculture, forestry and other land use change activities.
Many developing countries, particularly the least-developed ones lack the capacity to assess and report their emissions thus limiting their ability to plan effective climate change responses and access international funding. According to the latest international climate policy decisions, developing countries are being asked to report their emissions much more regularly than in the past two decades i.e. at two-year intervals starting at the end of 2014, through the so-called Biennial Update Reports. These new requirements translate directly into significant increases in capacity development needs to improve rural data collection and analysis.
In collaboration with the Global Strategy, the FAO Monitoring and Assessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Mitigation Potential in Agriculture (MAGHG) Project works with Member Countries to highlight the gaps, challenges and opportunities for improving rural statistics towards the collection of better national, regional and global GHG data through user-friendly analysis tools and easily accessible training material, tested in regional workshops.
The first of such joint products is a training manual which was recently completed in draft form and is currently being tested by practitioners in international agencies and Member Countries worldwide. The manual is intended as a guide for national Statistical Offices and relevant Ministries/Agencies, providing information on how to access and use the FAOSTAT Emissions database with a step-by-step approach and several lessons learned on how to identify relevant rural statistics and estimate GHG emissions in line with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Guidelines for National GHG Inventories.
Rocío Dánica Cóndor-Golec, FAO MAGHG Project; and Angela Piersante, Global Strategy